Vehicle to Grid Readiness Worldwide

Munich, February 2024

Vehicle to Grid Readiness Worldwide

Munich, February 2024
I

n the worldwide movement towards carbon neutrality Germany aims to reach 80% in renewable electricity share by 2030 from around 50% in 2023.

This increased share of renewable energies (wind, solar and hydro) also necessitates temporary storage of electric energy to stabilize the electric grid. A prominent and cost-effective way to increase storage capacity drastically and thereby stabilize energy supply is the integration of electric car batteries into the electricity grid. The method to not only charge car batteries from the electric grid, but also supply energy back from the car to households or factories through grid is known as V2G (vehicle to grid).

V2G serves as an alternative to other grid stabilization options such as pumped storage power plants, with few suitable locations left, or the significantly more expensive stationary battery storage. In the long run, commercial returns from V2G can reduce the total cost of ownership of an EV through reduction in charging and overall electricity bill.

The V2G score corresponds to the readiness of a country to utilize V2G potential. The most significant factors for the same are smart meter rollout (to enable bidirectional energy flow between EVs and grid) and share of V2G capable EVs in the fleet. The study shows that the V2G potential in most countries is not limited by smart meter roll-out, but the amount of available V2G capable vehicles. It also strikingly shows that Germany is significantly behind the leading nations in terms of V2G readiness. This is mainly due to a very low smart meter rollout in the country so far (around 1% of all household are equipped with a smart meter currently). The smart meter rollout in Germany was slowed down in the past by regulatory uncertainties and a lack of dynamic electricity pricing models requiring the smart meters. In the beginning of 2023, a new law came into place requiring a 95% smart meter rollout by 2032.

So far V2G has only been demonstrated through pilot projects and studies. For unleashing its true potential, both electrical and electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure of a country plays a prominent role. For example the amount of required charging points is increased, as vehicles serving as grid stabilizers block the charging point for this time.

If you want to discuss the opportunities and challenges that come with V2G, please feel free to contact Dr. Alexander Timmer.

Highlights 

  • In the worldwide movement towards carbon neutrality Germany aims to reach 80% in renewable electricity share by 2030 from around 50% in 2023. This increased share of renewable energies (wind, solar and hydro) also necessitates temporary storage of electric energy to stabilize the electric grid.

     

  • A prominent and cost-effective way to increase storage capacity drastically and thereby stabilize energy supply is the integration of electric car batteries into the electricity grid. The method to not only charge car batteries from the electric grid, but also supply energy back from the car to households or factories through grid is known as V2G (vehicle to grid).

     

  • V2G serves as an alternative to other grid stabilization options such as pumped storage power plants, with few suitable locations left, or the significantly more expensive stationary battery storage.

     

  • In the long run, commercial returns from V2G can reduce the total cost of ownership of an EV through reduction in charging and overall electricity bill.

     

  • The V2G score corresponds to the readiness of a country to utilize V2G potential. The most significant factors for the same are smart meter rollout (to enable bidirectional energy flow between EVs and grid) and share of V2G capable EVs in the fleet.

     

  • The study shows that the V2G potential in most countries is not limited by smart meter roll-out, but the amount of available V2G capable vehicles. It also strikingly shows that Germany is significantly behind the leading nations in terms of V2G readiness. This is mainly due to a very low smart meter rollout in the country so far (around 1% of all household are equipped with a smart meter currently).

     

  • The smart meter rollout in Germany was slowed down in the past by regulatory uncertainties and a lack of dynamic electricity pricing models requiring the smart meters. In the beginning of 2023, a new law came into place requiring a 95% smart meter rollout by 2032.

     

  • So far V2G has only been demonstrated through pilot projects and studies. For unleashing its true potential, both electrical and electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure of a country plays a prominent role. For example the amount of required charging points is increased, as vehicles serving as grid stabilizers block the charging point for this time.
Berylls Insight
Vehicle to Grid Readiness Worldwide
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Authors
Dr. Alexander Timmer

Partner

Lars Behr

Senior Consultant

Rishab Harlalka

Consultant

Dr. Alexander Timmer

Dr. Alexander Timmer (1981) joined the Berylls Group, an international strategy consultancy specializing in the automotive industry, as a partner in May 2021. He is an expert in innovation and market entry strategies and can look back on many years of experience in the operations environment.
Dr. Alexander Timmer has been advising automotive manufacturers and suppliers in a global context since 2012. He has in-depth expert knowledge in the areas of portfolio planning, development and production. His other areas of expertise include digitalization and the complex of topics surrounding electromobility.
Prior to joining Berylls Strategy Advisors, he worked for Booz & Company and PwC Strategy&, among others, as a member of the management team in North America, Asia and Europe.
After studying mechanical engineering at RWTH Aachen University and Chalmers University in Gothenburg, he earned his doctorate in manufacturing technologies at the Machine Tool Laboratory of RWTH Aachen University.